· To achieve advanced skills in the two chosen languages:
· For Dutch: at the level of the professional native language user;
· For German, English and French: at the level C1 of the ERC;
· For Italian, Spanish and Swedish: at the level B2 of the ERC;
· For Latin and Old Greek: to master these language on a level comparable to the level C1/B2 as concerns the dimensions of reading and understanding, and comparable to the level A2 as concerns the dimension of writing.
· To apply knowledge of the structure of the two chosen languages to the analysis of linguistic phenomena.
· To apply knowledge of the literary traditions of the two chosen languages to the analysis of texts and when placing these traditions in a literary-historical and stylistic context.
· To know and understand the state of the art of linguistic and literary research.
· To apply one's knowledge and understanding of the historical aspects of the studied languages to the study of texts and the contemporary language structures.
· To develop an awareness of the link between languages, their literature and their culture, especially of the two chosen languages.
· To process knowledge of the history and culture of the areas in which the chosen languages were/are spoken
· To know and understand related and auxiliary sciences, and to recognize their importance to linguistic and literature research.
· To be able to situate sources and studies on their chosen language, on literature and on culture in their context, and to critically analyze them.
· To be able to reproduce and apply linguistic and literary paradigms, methods of analysis, and interpretation techniques.
· To critically examine a linguistic, literary or cultural topic in an appropriate, scientific way.
· To have an awareness of the historical and ideological definiteness of research questions, and to acknowledge the necessity of questioning research processes.
· To have a strong linguistic awareness, i.e. to recognize the crucial role of language in human interaction and in cultural productions, and to act accordingly.
· To think analytically about (culture-)historical, literary and linguistic issues.
· To develop a critical attitude towards sources, scientific analyses and theories.
· To produce synthetic results of one's own research.
· To display intellectual curiosity and a lifelong learning attitude.
· To report in the two chosen (modern) languages and/or in Dutch, orally and in writing, to experts and lay people.
· To cooperate and to contribute to discussions.
· To have an awareness of the values and standards on which scientists base their work.
· To handle scientific and other sources in a well-considered way, while respecting the intellectual property of other researchers.
· To be aware of social questions, and of their usefulness to the field of study.
· To have a sense of social responsibility, cultural sensitivity and an understanding of intercultural dynamics.